A Sense of community (or psychological sense of community) is a concept in community psychology, social psychology, and community social work, as well as in several other research disciplines, such as urban sociology, which focuses on the experience of community rather than its structure, formation, setting, or other features. The latter is the province of public administration or community services administration which needs to understand how structures influence this feeling and psychological sense of community. Sociologists, social psychologists, anthropologists, and others have theorized about and carried out empirical research on community, but the psychological approach asks questions about the individual’s perception, understanding, attitudes, feelings, etc. about community.
This assessment asks participants a series of questions about how connected they feel to the community, how important this connection is, and how much they can rely on this community when they have a problem. With social determinants and personal relationships being so key to health outcomes, this measurement can be useful in nearly any health and wellness study.